Tag Archive for coaching

Fra helt til syndebukk: En studie av hvordan en landslagstrener i fotball kombinerer transformasjonsledelse og machiavellisk ledelse

by Trine Lise Andersen

Vol. 11 2020, pages 1–24
Published April 27, 2020


The rise and fall of a national coach in football: A study of how a national football coach combines transformational leadership and Machiavellian leadership

In this article the leadership style of a national football coach, in the context of the rationality of professional sport, where victory trumps everything, is being studied. The question discussed is whether the coach used his frequently communicated transformational leadership style as well as a Machiavellian leadership style, and whether the balance between these leadership styles changed when the team started to lose games. The assumption was that the Machiavellian leadership style would become more prominent when the results failed. This did not happen. The findings show that a one-sided transformational leadership style was not sufficient to maintain authority internally and externally in such a situation. An ability to balance the two leadership styles seems necessary. The study show that intellectual stimulation and involvement are two important dimensions for creating and maintaining authority related to the players, especially when results fail. Furthermore, the study shows that communication and ‘media-leadership’ influenced the dynamics between the media and the coach. As a result, this study has highlighted the importance for coaches to also master ‘multi-directional leadership’.

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About the Author

TRINE LISE ANDERSEN is currently a PhD student at UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Sport Sciences. Andersen’s main research interest is leadership in elite sport. Her PhD dissertation is about high performing cultures in football, a case study of the Norwegian national team in football for men.

Ridtränares kommunikation under privatlektioner i dressyr: En samtalsanalytisk studie

by Charlotte Lundgren

Vol. 8 2017, pages 67–86
Published September 15, 2017

Photo: Gunilla Pravitz


The communication of trainers in equestrian dressage: a multimodal interaction analysis

This study investigates interaction during equestrian dressage trainings, focusing on the trainer’s communication with horse and rider. The study is based on interaction analyses of 15 video recorded training sessions, as well as analyses of interviews and field notes. The results reveal a wide variety of non-verbal communication modalities deployed by trainers sharing their practical expertise with the athletes. Equestrian trainers use activity specific onomatopoetic constructions, paralinguistic resources such as rhythm, pace and prosody, as well as a number of embodied resources where they use the space of the riding arena and various communicative configurations of their own body and the co-present bodies of horse and rider to represent the horse, the rider and/or the equipage as a whole.

The study is a part of a larger project about equitation as a communicative and didactic practice, aiming at making the practical, embodied knowledge that riding and equestrian training rests on explicit, thus enabling reflection and discussion among both practitioners and researchers of communication and equestrianism.

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About the Author

CHARLOTTE LUNDGREN is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Culture and Communication at Linköping University, Sweden. Her research in applied linguistics is focused on professional communication in sports, health care, and other learning-centred activities. Departing from a dialogical perspective on communication, she investigates everyday talk and action to answer questions such as “how is this communicative activity organised?” and “what resources do the participants use in their interaction in this particular communicative activity?”.