Tag Archive for performance

The formation of interpersonal relationships in dance practice: A mixed-method study of two programmes

by Susanne Ravn & Karsten Elmose-Østerlund

Vol. 10 2019, pages 201–226
Published November 4, 2019


Previous studies have described how dance practices encourage the development of interpersonal relationships. However, the possible connections between the development of such relationships and the cooperative characteristics of the dance practices have rarely been focused on. This article sets out to investigate: a) the extent to which cooperative dance practices organised around a performance foster interpersonal relationships among the participants compared with the fostering of interpersonal relationships in different sports activities, and b) which cooperative aspects of such dance practices are of importance for the fostering of interpersonal relationships. We used a mixed-method approach, combining surveys, observations and interviews, to investigate two Danish dance programmes. The descriptive comparison with members of sports clubs presents strong indications that interpersonal relationships arose within a comparatively short time period. Unexpectedly, the activities in the two dance programmes were to a very large extent based on teacher-oriented methods. However, using cooperative learning theory, we could point towards several constitutive elements of cooperative learning that are of importance in facilitating interpersonal relationships. With minor differences between the two programmes, the professional dancers’ way of forming part of and facilitating the process of creating a performance seemed to play a crucial role for ‘individual accountability’ and ‘promotive interaction’ between participants.

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About the Authors

SUSANNE RAVN is an Associate professor and Head of ‘Movement, Culture and Society’, a research unit at the University of Southern Denmark. In her research, she focuses on phenomenological approaches to skilled movement in dance practice. She is the author of several books in Danish and English and has published her research in journals focusing on phenomenology, qualitative research methods in sport, exercise and health, dance research and sociological analysis of embodied experiences.

KARSTEN ELMOSE-ØSTERLUND is an Associate Professor at the University of Southern Denmark. He conducts research into sports clubs, sports organisations, civil society, volunteer work and related subjects. With a master’s degree in sports science and political science, he has written a PhD on the social benefits generated by sports clubs. Recently, he was the project leader for ‘Social Inclusion and Volunteering in Sports Clubs in Europe’, a European research project conducted in 2015-2017.

Factors underlying competitive success in youth football: A study of the Swedish national U15 football talent system

by Tor Söderström, Peter BrusvikStefan Lund

Vol. 10 2019, pages 139–162
Published September 9, 2019


This study of Sweden’s 24 football districts analyses whether contextual factors (number of players, number of elite teams, and number of elite players on each district team) influence the district teams’ relative age effect (RAE) and the way in which contextual factors and RAE correlate with the U15 teams’ competitive success. The analysis is based on register data on district players (4,516 girls and 4,501 boys, all 15 years old) who attended an annual elite football camp: birthdate, the total number of players aged 15, club membership, senior elite clubs, proportion of elite players on the district teams, and match outcomes. Based on the birthdates of the players born between 1986 and 1997, a relative age index was constructed for each district. The results showed a relative age effect (RAE) for the selected district players (boys and girls) compared to the general 15-year-old football population; however, birthdate only affected the competitive success of the boys’ district teams. The analysis points out that contextual factors such as the number of football players and the presence of elite clubs are important to consider in order to understand how RAE is produced and its relationship to the success of winning matches for boys’ district teams.

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About the Authors

TOR SÖDERSTRÖM is a Professor in Education at Umeå University.  His research concerns learning and development in higher education and sport, with a particular interest in the development of professional knowledge and skills. Current projects focuses on talent identification and talent development in sports. Over the years, he has contributed with book-chapters and journal articles related to these fields.

PETER BRUSVIK is a PhD student in the Department of Education. Umeå University, Sweden. His research interest focuses on drop-out and continuation processes in sports, particularly football.

STEFAN LUND is an Associate Professor in the Department of of Education and Teachers’ Practice at Linnaeus University, Sweden. His research interests include educational policy, school choice, school culture, multicultural incorporation, and sociology of sports. He has, for example, published School Choice, Ethnic Divisions and Symbolic Boundaries (2015) and articles in the Journal of Education Policy, Sociology of Sport Journal, and Sport, Education and Society.

Interpretative repertoires of performance: Shaping gender in swimming

by Karin Grahn

Vol. 6 2015, pages 47–64
Published May 29, 2015


This article deals with the way in which various views of performance are used in talking about youth competitive swimming during adolescence. Making use of interviews with competitive youth swimmers and coaches, the study explores the interpretative repertoires used to discuss performance, and how these repertoires influence gender construction. The analysis of the interview data shows that boys are positioned as performing athletes and girls as stagnating in their athletic progress. These positions are consequencies of the interpretative repertoire of performance as outcome, framing time and personal records as the most central aspect. Since girls are perceived as not breaking personal records, they are also positioned as the ones with deteriorating performances during adolescence. Alternative interpretative repertoires discovered in the interviews are performance as a process and as doing one’s best. These repertoires were less connected to gender and enabled more athletes (both girls and boys) to be viewed by themselves and others as performing athletes.

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About the Author

KARIN GRAHN is a Senior Lecturer of sport science in the Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science at the University of Gothenburg. Karin has a PhD in pedagogics and is currently lecturing in the Sports Coaching programme as well as in teachers education programme for Physical education. Her research interests include child- and youth sports and gender perspective on coaching and educational practices. Karin’s PhD-thesis (2008) explored gender construction in text books used to educate youth coaches in different sports. More recent work has been on sustainable coaching practises, coach-athlete relationships, and gender construction in sport practices.